Journal Neurology : Know the Differences in Neurology and Neurosurgeon

Know the Differences in Neurology and Neurosurgeon - Equally involved in the nervous field, making neurologists and neurosurgeons are often thought to be the same. In fact, they are actually different, although they have a relation. To know both the difference and the association, the following will be explained one by one.

Journal Neurology : Know the Differences in Neurology and Neurosurgeon

Journal Neurology

If we talk about neurology, it does not escape the word Neurosurgery (Neurosurgeon). The two words are both discussing nerves but there are differences, then what's the difference? The journal will discuss until complete, read this article to complete.


Neurology is a branch of medical science that is steeped around the human nervous system, and the usual disorder or disease attacks him. Experts in this field are called neurologist specialists, specialized physicians who are tasked with diagnosing and treating diseases related to the nervous system, including the brain, muscles, peripheral nerves, and spinal nerves.

Before becoming a specialist in the field of neurology, a physician needs to complete an education specialization in the field of neurology.

In general, neurology specialists can be divided into two according to the methods of the treatment given, namely neurosurgeon and neurologist who treat neurological diseases with non-surgical methods. Now, this neurosurgeon is a term for a specialist neurosurgeon. Let's discuss later.

In the medical world, the working field of neurology specialists can be distinguished into eight subspecialties. Specialists who have studied subspecialty education are referred to by consultants. This division of neurology aims to facilitate the disruption of the nervous system of patients.

Here are the subspecialties of the Neurology field:
  1. Pediatric Neurology. Pediatric Neurology Consultant Specialists Focus more on the handling of neural disorders in children, ranging from infants to adolescents.
  2. Epilepsy Neurology. This type of neurology is specialized in diagnosing and addressing epileptic diseases.
  3. Vascular Neurology. The field of neurology that is specialized in studying and treating diseases of the brain blood vessels such as stroke and blood vessel formation abnormalities (Arteriovenous Malformation/AVM).
  4. Neurology of pain and nerve edges. A subspecialty of the neurologist who focuses on diagnosing and treating diseases related to pain complaints caused by peripheral and autonomic nerve disorders. 
  5. Neurology intervention. Neurology areas that focus on treating abnormalities of the central nervous system in the brain and spinal cord with radiologic technology and minimally invasive treatment methods.
  6. Neuro-Oncology. A neuro-oncology specialist who specifically handles tumors or cancer in the brain or spinal cord.
  7. Geriatric Neurology. Areas of neurology focused on the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases due to aging. 

Intensive neurology and emergence. One of the subspecialists of neurology specialized in diagnosing, treating, and treating nervous system disorders with critical conditions.

The diseases that can be handled by the neurology specialists are :
  • Stroke
  • Epilepsy
  • Nervous system tumors
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Dementia, e.g. in Alzheimer's disease
  • Motion disorder
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Central nervous system infections, such as meningitis, brain abscesses, and inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)
  • Lou Gehrig's disease
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Migraine/Severe headaches
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Tremor
  • Parkinson's disease
  • The nerve is pinned
  • Pain-related to nerve disorders


Neurosurgeon, also known as Neurosurgical, is a medical procedure aimed at diagnosing or treating diseases involving the nervous system. This surgery is not only done on the brain, but it can also be on spinal nerves and peripheral nerve fibers that spread throughout the body, such as the face, hands, and feet.

In neurosurgical action, there are various types of diagnosis techniques or treatment techniques, which are divided into several groups, namely:
  1. Tumor neurosurgery. It is a surgical procedure aimed at diagnosing and treating tumors found in the nervous system.
  2. Vascular neurosurgery. It is a neurosurgical procedure that can diagnose and treat neurological diseases due to blood vessel abnormalities in the brain.
  3. Functional Neurosurgery. It is a neurosurgical procedure that can diagnose and treat neurological diseases due to disorders of the nervous system function.
  4. Traumatic neurosurgery. It is a neurosurgical procedure that can treat neurological diseases in the brain and spine due to injury.
  5. Pediatric neurosurgery. It is a neurosurgical procedure to treat neurological diseases in infants and children.
  6. Spinal Neurosurgery. It is a neurosurgical procedure that handles the disease that occurs in the spine.

Further, neurosurgical techniques and methods that can be used to treat various neurological diseases are varied. Regardless of the type of disease that is disdain. Some of the neurosurgical methods that are quite often done are:

1. Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)
SRS is a somewhat different method of neurosurgery than other methods, as it does not require invasive techniques through skin slices. SRS uses radiation focused on certain points in the brain to destroy the tumor cells found in the brain.

The radiation emitted will damage the DNA of tumor cells, so that the cells will experience death. SRS can use radiation in the form of rays of Rontgen, gamma, or proton shots.

2. Neuroendoscopy
It is a surgical method that facilitates the doctor to visually monitor the nervous condition and perform surgery without opening the skull bones. Neuroendoscopy is performed using an endoscope inserted through the nose or mouth to reach the inside of the skull.

Neuroendoscopy is applied to visually diagnose the presence of tumors and take tissue samples, as well as lifting tumors.

3. Brain surgery or craniotomy
A craniotomy is a surgical procedure performed by opening and removing a small portion of the skull bone to perform medical actions on the brain.

This part of the lifted skull bone is called bone flap or skull bone cover. Once the skull bone is cut and the bone flap is lifted, the doctor can perform various medical procedures, either for diagnostic purposes or for medical action.

4. Awake Brain Surgery (AWS) 
This is a craniotomy neurosurgical procedure performed when the patient is conscious. Unlike conventional craniotomy using total anesthesia, patients undergoing AWS are given only local anesthetic drugs and sedatives.

AWS is usually done to treat brain tumors or epileptic seizures, especially if the part of the brain that causes seizures is located near the center of vision, movement of limbs, and speech centers.

The condition causes the patient to remain conscious as long as the surgical procedure is performed, in order to respond to the doctor to ensure that neurosurgery is performed at the right location.

5. Microsurgery 
It is a neurosurgical technique that uses a microscope to repair the peripheral nerves of the affected body's organs. The microscope's use of micro neurosurgery aims to provide a very subtle visual depiction of the nerves more thoroughly to help improve nerves.

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